Joya-no-kane is temple bells. Joya means New Year's Eve. Temple bells are struck 108 times in Japan, from midnight on December 31 to the New Year. There are many explanations about the number 108, in Buddhist beliefs, there are 108 worldly desires in humans which mislead our minds, and it's said these desires will be removed when the bell is struck 108 times. The bell is rung 107 times before midnight, and 1 time after the New Year has begun.